segunda-feira, setembro 26, 2022
HomeAnimal‘Village Mad Man’ Helps Farmers Shield Fields With Bio-Fencing

‘Village Mad Man’ Helps Farmers Shield Fields With Bio-Fencing


Think about a fence round a farm which grows day-after-day and protects the farmland from stray cattle and wild animals. It makes the crop resilient from pest assaults, helps keep soil construction and prevents erosion throughout rains too. 

That’s what Jagan Prahlad Bagade of Khaparwadi Budruk village in Akola district of Maharashtra did. He has raised a bio fence—completely made from wildly grown cactus (regionally often known as nivdung)—which has now grown as much as 12 ft and encircles his 30-acre farm.

Biofencing, also referred to as dwell fencing, is a line of bushes or shrubs planted on farm or subject boundaries. Inexpensive and extra helpful than fences made from wooden, barbed wire, or stone masonry, environmentalists take into account them to be a biotic, environment-friendly technique.

The cactus on the boundaries of Gagade’s fields is Euphorbia lactea, native to India, and an erect shrub of succulent branches with spiny ridges and brief spines, which may develop as much as 16ft in peak. 

Bagade (43) remembers, “After I began planting cactus cuttings on the perimeters of my farm folks laughed at me. They referred to as me a idiot. To veda jhala aahe (He’s mad), they stated.” Seven years later he encircled his farm with cactus. 

He’s now often known as the ‘cactus man’, typically referred to as upon by the native agricultural officers to deal with farmers’ meets on the deserves and cost-effectiveness of bio fencing. 

Realising the deserves of Bagade’s bio fence some 30-odd farmers have already planted cacti on the boundaries of their farms. And because the phrase unfold by messaging apps, farmers from totally different elements of the State visited him to study bio fencing and go away with cactus cuttings.

A multi-purpose fence

The farmer's cactus bio fence has now grown up to 12 ft and encircles his 30-acre farm.
The farmer’s cactus bio fence has now grown as much as 12 ft and encircles his 30-acre farm.

Being the taluka president of Punjabrao Deshmukh Organic Mission, Bagade took the initiative to contain villagers within the manufacturing of organic pesticides, using trendy implements and water conservation actions. Acres of wasteland mendacity fallow for ages have been readied for cultivation with the assistance of the native agricultural division. Farmers have been expert in duties like contour bunding, compartment bunding, horizontal sowing on slopes, and so on. 

In Might 2018, the villagers dug up 19 farm ponds, elevating the overall to 70; hollowed out 1km-long nullah, and accomplished contour bunding on 150 acres which have led to an increase in groundwater degree to 10ft from the sooner 30 ft. 

Most remarkably the brackish water has became potable water. 

However ever since ingesting water grew to become extra accessible in 2007 from the Wari Hanuman dam, a mere 35 km away, villagers really feel that the inhabitants of untamed animals has elevated.

For years, farmers like Bagade needed to cope with wild animals and infrequently scared them off with firecrackers or air weapons. This was till he got here throughout a video on social media on rising cacti.

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 Jagan Prahlad Bagade has trained around 30 farmers to set up their own bio fences using cacti.
Jagan Prahlad Bagade has educated round 30 farmers to arrange their very own bio fences utilizing cacti.

He explains, “I’ve stored a distance of 1 foot between the cuttings. With the thorny cactus in place, no wild animals have dared to enter the fields.”

Serving as a habitat for a lot of birds and animals, the bio fences serves a number of functions corresponding to offering fodder, fertilizer and windbreakers, apart from conserving biodiversity and absorbing climate-inducing gases corresponding to carbon dioxide. 

Bio fences work as windbreakers too. “Additionally, the fallen leaves act as mulch, conserving soil moisture,” he says, including, “They’re ultimate windbreakers and my farm doesn’t lose moisture.”

He provides, “Initially, I had erected barbed wire fence on an acre which value me Rs 40, 000 however quickly realised that if I needed to fence my whole farmland I must promote elements of it.” 

Bagade attributes the bio fence to his success as a farmer and his record-breaking harvest. Final 12 months he managed to reap 33 quintals of horse gram (in a single hectare), 8 quintals of soybean (one acre) and 12 quintals of cotton (one acre) — an achievement for which the district authorities felicitated him. “Through the years crop manufacturing has virtually trebled,” says Bagade.

Cactus right here grows wild on unclaimed land or widespread areas. Bagade introduced a tractor full and planted it round an acre. “I might need spent Rs 15,000 to plant the cacti, most of it was spent on labour,” he says.

Farmlands in Akot taluka are sometimes on the mercy of untamed pigs, nilgai, deer and monkeys raiding the farms and destroying standing crops. “The deer inhabitants has elevated through the years. They’re an enormous menace and raid the fields in teams, at instances 25 to 30 of them,” says Bagade. “However now such incidents have grow to be a factor of the previous.”

About elevating a cactus fence, Bagade advises that cuttings of a minimal of two ft peak be planted and if fertilized correctly in a 12 months or two a peak of 5 ft will be achieved.

Sushant Shinde, Akot taluka agriculture officer, says, “A progressive farmer who has taken the lead in actions like soil conservation and groundwater recharge and conservation, Bagade’s success with the bio fence has motivated different farmers within the taluka too.”

Bagade is happy by the unintended good thing about a bio fence. He provides, “I can develop greens like bitter gourd, snake gourd and a wide range of beans, because of the assist provided by the cacti.” 

Edited by Yoshita Rao



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