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COP20—Lima Local weather Convention — International Points


Creator and Web page info

  • by Anup Shah
  • This web page Created

On this web page:

  1. Introduction
  2. Assembly end result
  3. Mainstream media reporting
  4. In context: widespread however differentiated obligations
  5. Extra info
  6. Information tales from IPS

Introduction

December 1 – 14, 2014, Lima, Peru was the venue for the twentieth annual United Nations Local weather Change Convention, also referred to as the twentieth Convention of the Events — or COP 20.

The aim of this convention was to create a common settlement on local weather change motion and start the method of financing mitigation.

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Assembly end result

The assembly ended with all nations agreeing to chop again greenhouse fuel emissions. Referred to as the Lima Accord, this treaty just isn’t legally binding and international locations shouldn’t have to specify how a lot they are going to reduce, as an alternative agreeing to report their plans again by March 2015.

Whereas for a lot of it appeared like a profitable end result, others had been disenchanted, equivalent to poor international locations struggling to rebuild from present impacts of local weather change who had been alarmed on the disappearance of loss and harm commitments from the ultimate textual content which has been a part of the dialogue for years.

The worldwide local weather motion, 350.org, summarized the disappointments and hopeful facets of the assembly end result, noting

  1. The brand new settlement doesn’t mirror the urgency of the local weather disaster
  2. Some good agreements – however no measures to make sure implementation
  3. Least developed and susceptible nations overlooked within the chilly
  4. Divestment (from fossil gas reliance) is extra vital than ever
  5. International momentum for actual options is stronger than ever and can carry on going.

In attempting to place a constructive spin on the general disappointment they felt, they concluded, Ultimately, a world local weather treaty is only one device to fight local weather change. Actual change goes to proceed to return from the grassroots. The UN Local weather Talks proceed to be a spot the place the world’s international locations comes collectively to debate this disaster and persons are placing in huge efforts to ensure Paris [the next global meeting] gained’t be like Copenhagen which was filled with disappointments regardless of large guarantees.

Samantha Smith, Chief of WWF’s International Local weather and Vitality Initiative, was fairly scathing of the assembly end result saying that political expediency gained over scientific urgency. She additionally famous that Developed nation governments couldn’t even handle to clarify how they are going to ship the long-promised US$100 billion per 12 months in local weather finance by 2020. In a transfer that seemingly dismissed the plight of probably the most susceptible international locations, they utterly eliminated any significant language about ‘loss and harm’.

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Mainstream media reporting

As with nearly each earlier assembly (with occasional exceptions), mainstream media reporting was very poor given the significance of this international concern. The place the assembly was reported it was usually in the direction of the tip, and simply sound chew kind summaries saying all international locations agreed to emission cuts and that this was a serious enchancment.

Whereas the treaty continued to say it honors the long-standing widespread however differentiated obligations the mainstream media reporting (as in most years) has usually failed to supply rationalization and context of this precept that has been an vital a part of these talks for over 2 many years; that poor and creating international locations mustn’t bear the identical obligations because the developed ones (as a result of they aren’t the reason for the anthropogenic carbon emissions over the earlier many years which have led to this, which is detailed far more on this web site’s web page on local weather justice).

A touch in the direction of this precept could have been introduced as a viewpoint of China or India, given the impression they’re being obstacles, relatively then explaining this precept in additional context.

That was simply one of many points skirted over or omitted from widespread reporting. Others included points on financing, expertise help for poorer nations, and so forth. Behind the scenes, for many years, wealthy international locations have stalled on these items or actively averted attempting to share expertise and so forth, which is barely reported.

Yearly, this criticism is product of mainstream reporting, so with out following these negotiations every year, it may be simple to return away with the impression that this assembly had a constructive end result.

However as this dialogue hosted by Democracy Now! reveals, there have been quite a lot of vital problems with competition:

Emissions-Reducing Deal Reached at COP 20 Lima, However Will It Assist Forestall Catastrophic Local weather Change?, Democracy Now!, December 15, 2014.

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In context: widespread however differentiated obligations

A few years in the past all nations agreed that local weather change was largely the results of actions from at the moment’s industrialized nations, as carbon dioxide — the primary greenhouse fuel — stays within the ambiance for many years. But, the poorest would find yourself struggling probably the most for an issue they largely didn’t trigger. The approaches to mitigation (emissions discount) would subsequently be totally different for these teams of nations — the widespread however differentiated obligations precept.

It’s on this context that the dialogue for loss and harm has come about. And it’s one thing that wealthy international locations are eager to do away with .

The years of resistance on this concern (and plenty of others) means every time it’s mentioned once more the reactions appear to get much more hostile. Mixed with the shortage of detailed context within the mainstream media protection of this facet, it then turns into simpler every time to see culprits as China and India given their huge greenhouse emissions lately, in comparison with the far better quantity by the industrialized nations over the longer interval. See this web site’s part on local weather justice for extra detailed background.

And as this web site has mentioned for years on the local weather justice web page, the wealthy nations are delaying any significant motion till it’s finally — and disproportionately — paid for the by the creating nations. New Delhi primarily based Nitin Sethi, affiliate editor at Enterprise Normal, interviewed within the earlier talked about video says the identical factor, however extra frankly:

There isn’t a motion that’s going to occur between now and 2020. All of that was to be finished by the developed international locations. They [rich nations] principally have simply mentioned at Lima that we’re not going to do any greater than what we’re doing up to now, and the burden can shift onto the post-2020 period, the place different creating international locations should share it. So, to me, it signifies actually negotiation in unhealthy religion.

Nitin Sethi, Emissions-Reducing Deal Reached at COP 20 Lima, However Will It Assist Forestall Catastrophic Local weather Change?, Democracy Now!, December 15, 2014

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Extra info

Because the convention continues to be underway as this web page is written, extra info shall be added right here after the occasion is over.

For extra in regards to the points from different organizations, listed here are some beginning factors:

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Information tales from IPS

Under is an inventory of tales from Inter Press Service associated to the Lima local weather convention and its aftermath.

  1. ‘Don’t work for local weather wreckers’ UN chief tells graduates, in push to a renewable power future