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Baltimore Oriole – Nature Canada

Baltimore Oriole
Baltimore Oriole on department


  • Widespread identify: Baltimore Oriole
  • Latin identify: Icterus galbula
  • Vary: Present in Southern areas of Easternmost Canadian provinces3.
  • Lifespan: 11 years3
  • Measurement: Ranging in size from 17-19 cm, and a wingspan of 23-30 cm3.
  • Inhabitants estimate: 12 million (globally)


The Baltimore Oriole, to not be confused with the baseball staff; are small, brightly colored migratory birds. Males have vibrant orange and black our bodies with white striped wings, whereas females are duller yellow and gray3. Their food regimen modifications relying on the season. From Could to late Summer season, their food regimen primarily consists of bugs as they’re excessive in vital protein. They’ll devour bugs akin to beetles, crickets, grasshoppers, moths, and snails3. Baltimore Orioles may feed on invasive pest species, such because the gypsy moth, a extremely invasive species to North America.

In spring and fall, high-in-sugar nectar and fruits present ample vitality for migration. The Baltimore Oriole is extensively identified to feed on fruit crops, together with raspberries, mulberries, cherries and oranges3.

When nesting, Baltimore Orioles are inclined to nest in American Elms however might nest in maple or cottonwood bushes as effectively3. They usually have a clutch measurement of 3-7 eggs with nestlings usually leaving the nest 12-14 days after hatching.


Although the species has proven to be comparatively tolerant of human interference, there are nonetheless many threats to their populations. Rising urbanization and growth trigger a rise in habitat loss by means of the destruction of inexperienced areas and each a rise and modifications to agriculture on the whole, particularly chemical substances and pesticides used.2 Threats to this species can come within the type of heatwaves, and an elevated vary of wildfires1.


The species was labeled as “Least Concern” by IUCN International in 20184 and was designated as Safe by Wild Species Canada in 20102. It is usually thought-about a Precedence Species within the Chicken Conservation Area Technique within the Prairie and Northern areas, in addition to Ontario and Quebec2.


Like many species, an growing world local weather is sure to have an effect on the inhabitants numbers and habitats of the Baltimore Oriole. Keep away from spraying pesticides on bushes that the species frequents, as this will hurt essential meals sources and should poison the birds immediately. Chorus from utilizing pesticides in your gardens or garden and go for extra bird-friendly choices as an alternative

Get entangled with an area Chicken Staff in your group to work in the direction of changing into Chicken Pleasant Metropolis Licensed. Or host and take part in an upcoming World Migratory Chicken Day occasion close to you!

1Kaufman, Ok. n.d. Baltimore Oriole. Nationwide Audobon Society. https://www.audubon.org/field-guide/fowl/baltimore-oriole
2Standing of Migratory Birds in Canada: Baltimore Oriole. 2014. Authorities of Canada https://wildlife-species.canada.ca/bird-status/oiseau-bird-eng.aspx?sY=2014&sL=e&sM=c&sB=BAOR
3The Cornell Lab, 2019. All About Birds: Baltimore Oriole https://www.allaboutbirds.org/information/Baltimore_Oriole
4Icterus galbula (Baltimore Oriole). IUCN Pink Checklist of Threatened Species. 2022. IUCN International https://www.iucnredlist.org/species/22724126/132026652&sa=D&supply=docs&ust=1651519778676981&usg=AOvVaw27aQm5rYIHaGilbwjHAjJ2



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